How to recycle electronic waste

How to recycle electronic waste

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Technology advances more and more, so much so as to push us to change more and more frequently new electronic devices that are more and more performing. But the old ones?

They are often accumulated in the house, thrown in the bins of the undifferentiated collection waste or worse, they are abandoned on the street without thinking too much about the environmental consequences. For some years now, the waste recycling it seems a habit, but until a few decades ago everything ended up in landfills. The same criterion of intelligent disposal and recovery also applies to the so-called WEEE, or i Waste Electrical and Electronic Appliances.

But what is electronic waste?
THE electronic waste (and electrical) are what remains of equipment that required electric currents or electromagnetic fields for proper operation: from household appliances to televisions, from mobile phones to toys, from computers to vending machines.

These types of devices and equipment contain, in variable quantities, electronic boards, both electrical and electronic circuits, memories and in any case always amplifiers, power transformers, rheostats, reception and transmission systems, batteries, accumulators and the most technologically appropriate and advanced may contain.

How is electronic waste recovered?
Their recovery takes place in a different way than separate collection: for the collection of electronic devices, it is necessary to collect them at home, replace them at the shops where you buy a new device, or at dedicated collection centers. In short, there are no classic bins. Furthermore, to dispose of and subsequently recycle, these objects may contain substances dangerous for the environment, and therefore in the area of ​​recycling there is the safety phase: special infrastructures and modes of transport are needed. Then we proceed to the treatment and recovery, a sort of "disassembly chain" to reuse the components in new production cycles.

The disposal incorrect or abandoning this waste is harmful to the environment as it releases pollutants and prevents the recovery of materials such as copper, iron, steel, aluminum, glass and various metals that can be reused to produce new appliances. This would avoid the use of new resources and would significantly reduce theimpact on the environment.

There is legislation in favor of citizens for the correct disposal of discarded electrical appliances and bulky appliances: citizens can in fact take advantage of the so-called "one versus one”.

What is the "one versus one”?
It is a decree (Decree 65/2010 of the Ministry of the Environment) which governs the withdrawal, at no additional cost for the buyer, of the old appliance. A real "one on one" exchange.

With this system, any citizen can deliver the old device directly to the shop where they buy a new one with the same function. It will be the retailer's responsibility to deliver it to the appropriate place disposal.

The legislation includes small and large appliances, televisions, computers and other less bulky waste. The mechanism is very simple: when purchasing the new product, the consumer requests the collection of the used car, and the procedure that was once so burdensome as to record an infinite number of illegal disposals, will turn into a normal service. commercial.

For companies that need to recycle large quantities of technological and electronic waste, there are special services provided by specialized operators which even are willing to pay to receive technological waste!

One such company is Remedia TSR, the company of the Remedia Group, specialized in managing all the operations necessary for proper disposal: transport, treatment, recovery and environmentally compatible disposal of Professional Waste WEEE.

Video: E waste Recycling Plant. PCB Board Recycling and Gold Refining Process Suny Group (August 2022).