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L'Euphrasiais a genus of about 450 species of annual flowering plants from renownedpropertybeneficial, known above all as a natural remedy for eye disorders (conjunctivitis, sty ...). Among the species of the genuseuphrasia, the one most exploited in homeopathy and ancient folk medicine is theEuphrasia rostkoviana, commonly calledofficinal euphrasia.
L'euphrasiait is a definite genrehemiparasite, that is, that it manages to thrive on the roots of other plants by depriving them of water and mineral salts; there is no mention of parasitic plants because hemiparasites, unlike absolute parasites, can perform the chlorophyll function.
As stated, the species most used as a natural ophthalmic remedy is theEuphrasia rostkoviana, also known asEuphrasia officinalisorofficinal euphrasia. It should be noted that the variability of the species of the genusEuphrasiait is very marked therefore it is difficult even for botanists to catalogtaxonomicallythe various species. This means that the properties of theofficinal euphrasiathey are commonly similar to other similar species of the genus Euphrasia.
Thepropertytreatments for euphrasia are different. It has tonic (strengthens the body), digestive, astringent (limits the secretion of liquids), diuretic (facilitates the release of urine) properties and facilitates the healing of wounds. According to ancient folk medicine, the extracts of euphrasia would be able to relieve eye inflammation such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis and sty.
The plant was also known by the most ancient herbalists but the first documentation dates back to 1305, whenNicholas Culpeperattributed toEuphrasiathe properties of strengthening cognitive abilities and memory. Initially, the herbal extracts ofeuphrasiathey were used to treat dizziness and treatment for memory disorders.
Today, compresses made fromeuphrasiathey are used to counteract eye fatigue, to relieve inflammation of the eye area and airway infections with symptoms such as colds, coughs, hay fever and sore throat.
The leaves, stem and flowers of the plant are used. Typical preparations include compresses or infusions.
In daily practice, theeye grass (this is how over time it has been nicknamed theeuphrasia) can be used by people who have eyes that are particularly sensitive to atmospheric phenomena such as sun and wind. Those who suffer from tearing, redness and swelling may find it useful to make a compress with an infusion of euphrasia, applied to the eye area using sterile gauze. The herb of the eyes owes its fame to its anti-inflammatory and soothing properties. The antiallergic properties can be useful to fight the most common symptoms of eye allergies such as tears and itching.
Also according to Paracelsus' theory of signatures, euphrasia is particularly suitable for eye health; L'euphrasiait is saideye grassnot only for its properties but also for its appearance: the shape of the flowers vaguely resembles an iris.
How is euphrasia used?
Euphrasia can be bought in herbal medicine in the form of dry grass with which to prepare infusions and decoctions. For each cup of water you will need to use a tablespoon of dried euphrasia to add to the water after boiling. For the decoction it will be necessary to boil for 10 - 15 minutes and then filter. Once cooled, the decoction can be used as a compress to be applied to the eye area. To assist the soothing action, it is possible to mix the decoction with an infusion of chamomile.
As an alternative to dried euphrasia, it is possible to use the mother tincture of euphrasia: 4 - 5 drops are enough for 150 ml of warm water. Remember to make a compress with sterile gauze. Euphrasia mother tincture goes well with calendula mother tincture.